Sunday, May 24, 2020

Definition of Aggregate Demand

Definition: Aggregate demand is the sum of all demand in an economy. This can be computed by adding the expenditure on consumer goods and services, investment, and net exports (total exports minus total imports). Terms related to Aggregate Demand: DemandSpeculative DemandAggregate Supply About.Com Resources on Aggregate Demand: Aggregate Demand Aggregate Supply Practice QuestionCost-Push Inflation vs. Demand-Pull InflationSupply Shocks, Demand Shocks and the AD/AS Model Writing a Term Paper? Here are a few starting points for research on Aggregate Demand: Books on Aggregate Demand: Aggregate Demand and MacRoeconomic Imbalances in Thailand: Simulations With the Siam 1 ModelThe Federal Reserves response to aggregate demand and aggregate supply shocksAggregate Demand, Productivity, and Disguised Unemployment in the Chinese Industrial Sector Journal Articles on Aggregate Demand: The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply DisturbancesCredit, Money, and Aggregate DemandAggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Industrialization After the Civil War Research Paper

Assignment 1.2: Research Paper Industrialization after the Civil War Shana Dukes History 105 Professor Tracey M. Biagas February 3. 2014 Introduction Industrialization after the Civil War was a period where Industrial city were being built, there were jobs for people and the political aspect was having corruption. In this paper the main points in this paper discussed the major aspects of the Industrialization Revolution, such as groups that were affected by the Industrial society, and the affects the life of the average working American. While the Industrial Revolution was a great turning point in the history of mankind, it led humanity to great technological advancements, middle and lower class, African American rights,†¦show more content†¦The economic growth really helped people find jobs and make a way to live. The last aspect is political, the political aspect of the politics reflected to the business and not to the poor urban people or to the working class. The Federal, State, and local politicians gave land grants and government contracts to their friends and supporters for public works (Schultz, 2013). The political corruption was a big problem during the Industrialization because businessmen took their agendas to the politicians whom the businessmen exchanged for cash or stock to obtain a land grant, but with the exchanges that turned into a public scandal which became The Credit Mobilier Scandal (Schultz, 2013). The political aspect in the Industrialization era was a lot of scandal’s and a lot of bribing people of their money. Groups of the Industrial Revolution Three groups that were affected by the Industrialization were middle and lower class, African Americans, and women rights. Middle and lower class workers were affected by Industrialization because the growth of the middle class had expanded, and professional employment had increased, but the lower class was the victims of the industrialization because the assembly line took a lot of the jobs of a lot of workers (Gilder Lehrman Institute, 2009). Another example of the middle and lower class is Union labor groups defend workers because employers just viewed workers as cost of production then regular individuals. That’s when theShow MoreRelatedEssay about IB History IA1431 Words   |  6 PagesWhich factors led to the civil war in Spain? Why did the war breakout in July 1936? Francisco Abadal Ramon Section A: Plan of investigation This paper investigates to what extent did the left wing political opposition lead to the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939? In order to reach to a valid conclusion this investigation will be focusing on the comparison of different factors that took place before an during the Spanish Civil War, such as the role of theRead MoreIndustrialization After the Civil War1789 Words   |  8 PagesAssignment 1.2: Industrialization after the Civil War Final Paper Belinda Scott History 105: Spring 2014 Prof. Michael Smith Industrialization after the Civil War After the Civil War the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between 1865 in 1920 industrialization and proved American life in many ways. However industrialization also created problems for American society. This paper will introduceRead MoreRobber Barons Or Industrial Giants. In The Late19Th And1455 Words   |  6 Pages100-year old nation called the United States of America, underwent major transformations that would forever change America and the world. The cause of the changes was America’s Industrial Era, which began roughly eleven years after the Civil War ended. The industrialization of America could not have started and continued without big money, and the leaders and financiers of the movement were capitalists. Capitalists were men who had accumulated massive fortunes, such as John D. Rockefeller, J.P. MorganRead MoreGone With The Wind By Margaret Mitchell1279 Words   |  6 Pagesroses, roses riotously with the throng, Dancing, to put thy pale, lost lilies out of mind†¦Ã¢â‚¬ . In the poem, the narrator speaks of their loss of passion for their old passion, Cynara. The title is symbolic for a loss of a good way of living, pre-Civil War. Being that Kara Walker put herself in the place of the heroine, Scarlett O’Hara. I feel like I can understand her perspective of the book and how the silhouettes came about. She named the silhouettes Gone: An Historical Romance and i feel likeRead MorePre and Post Reconstruction Period – Politics, Economic and Social Effects2107 Words   |  9 PagesUnited States History to 1877 Instructor: 18 July 2011 Pre and Post Reconstruction Period – Politics, Economic and Social Effects This research paper is intended to explain in general terms some of the political, economics and social effects America dealt with during the Pre and Post Reconstruction Period. During the last years of the Civil War, as Union forces moved closer to victory and millions of former slaves became free, Americans began to think about how to reconcile the splinteredRead MoreThe South : America With A Difference1697 Words   |  7 Pagesdefine the central theme of the southern history. This has largely interested many scholars as the south was known to be settled by a different Englishman, its experience of poverty since it was a nation that only knew abundance and its loss in the civil war as it was known as a nation that always had success (Gerster and Cords 11). Some writers have tried to define the difference of southern America regarding its passion for agriculture and slavery. However, time has caught up with these themes, slaveryRead MoreAndrew Carnegie: One of the Pioneers of the Big Business774 Words   |  4 PagesBig Business Report University of Phoenix Ursula Murgado Introduction One of the pioneers of the Big Business I chose to research is Andrew Carnegie. In this paper I will include how was his business and how did Mr. Carnegie started his business. I will also talk about how his business grew to the level it did. The good and bad effects of the business in the 19th century, How Mr. Carnegie business affected society today, what were the pros and cons of this business, if this consRead MoreConflicting Ideologies, Politics, And Opportunistic Economic Practices1732 Words   |  7 PagesConflicting ideologies, politics, and opportunistic economic practices led to the nation’s costliest war. The United States Civil War spanned from 1861-1865 and was primarily due to the ancient practice of slavery. The nation was divided on many aspects into bifurcate belief systems, which led to two distinctively different cultural regions the North and South (Ojserkis, Raymond). Historically, slave labor has been tied to the economic and cultural practices of count ries throughout the world. ThisRead MoreThe Success of Taiwanese Immigrants1519 Words   |  7 PagesSome Background behind Taiwan Taiwan, a small island on the coast of Mainland China, after WWII was occupied by the KMT, led by Chiang Kai-Shek along with his followers fled to Taiwan due to the loss of the Chinese Civil War. The U.S financially backing the KMT, due to their fight against communism during the Cold War Era, led to massive industrialization in Taiwan and political tension between Taiwan and China. Thus during the 1950s and on, Taiwanese people, mostly students, started to immigrateRead MoreThe Election Of 1848 And Emerging Sectional Divide Between The North And The South Over The Issue Of Slavery1708 Words   |  7 PagesSemester Long Research Paper The election of 1848 revealed and emerging sectional divide between the north and the south over the issue of slavery. The was the 16th presidential election held on November 7, 1848. Zachary Taylor, who was a member of the Whig party won over Martin Van Buren of the free soil party. Slavery was defined as a legal or economic system in which principles of property law were applied to humans allowing them to be classified as property, to be owned, bought and sold accordingly

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Communication and Different Reasons Free Essays

SHC21 Introduction to communication in health, social care or children’s and young people’s settings. Outcome 1: 1. Identify different reasons why people communicate. We will write a custom essay sample on Communication and Different Reasons or any similar topic only for you Order Now People communicate for lots of different reasons some of these are these are to build and maintain relationships i. e family, parenting and community relationships. Communication is used by people to conduct business and commerce, people also communicate to learn and educate. Communication is also used for pleasure for e. . story telling, film, music and theatre it is also necessary for emotional intimacy. 2. Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of own work Effective communication helps us to exchange all information within the working environment, it helps us express are feelings/emotions and how we feel when working in certain situations. Using effective communication can help you get positive messages across when needed and can also help create a good atmosphere. 3. Similar article: Show How and When to Seek Advice About Communication Explain why it is important to observe an individual’s reactions when communicating It is important to observe individuals reactions when communicating as it helps give you feedback on how they are reacting to the information being giving to them it can also help you get a clearer understanding of what communication skill they are comfortable using and what communication skills they understand. Outcome 2: 1. Find out an individual’s communication and language needs, wishes, and preferences 2. Show how and when to seek advice about communication While working at the nursery if I came across a situation with one of the children, e. g. they speak a different language, I would ask a higher member of staff what communication skills I could use that would help the child understand or if there are any key words in his/hers language I could use when communicating with them. I would also approach the parents and ask if there are any words they would like me to learn to help make the child more comfortable when communicating with me. Outcome 3: 1. Identify barriers to communication There are many different barriers that you can come across when communicating here are a few examples: Language: English may not be someone’s first language so you must take into consideration other ways of communicating with this individual. Noise: various things can stop a message from getting heard e. g. background noise, distraction or too many people talking. Distracting gestures: Fidgeting with pens, fingers or making inappropriate gestures can help create a barrier in communication as it can be distracting to the individual you are communicating with. Eye contact: Lack of eye contact can make an individual feel as if your not interested or not paying attention, it could make them feel awkward and not want to continue the conversation. 2. Identify sources of information and support or services to enable more effective communication Outcome 4: 1. Explain the term confidentiality There are different types of confidentiality and different examples but the main definition of confidentiality is: Confidentiality is a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information. . Describe situations where information normally considered to be confidential might need to be passed on If a child in the care of the nursery shows signs of any kind of abuse this could be sexually, physically or mentally, as carers of these children we have the right to pass this information on to higher members of staff or to possibly notify social services therefore we would need to pass on the child’s personal in formation if it is requested in this type of situation. 3. Explain how and when to seek advice about confidentiality A care worker should get advice about confidentiality when a situation arises and they feel it may need to be broken as keeping such information to yourself causes you concern as it could result in harm to the person you are supporting or to someone else. To get further information refer to your organisations policy on confidentiality and the disclosure of such information and if in any doubt ask your manager for further assistance. The only time you seek advice when a child has spoken to you in confidentiality is when that person is in danger for e. g. if the child is being sexually abused, physically abused etc. How to cite Communication and Different Reasons, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Drone and CCTVs for Everyone Surveillance Tech Expands Across Latin A

Questions: 1. The media articles or case studies listed by the lecturer in Interact:Drone and CCTVs for Everyone: Surveillance Tech Expands Across Latin America 2. Use the title of the article/case study provided in interact as the title of your essay, so that the lecturer knows which article you are analysing. 3. Undertake further research about your chosen case, to assist you in analysing and discussing it in your essay. Answer: The Drone or aircraft themselves are consistently enhancing and, as with such a variety of innovations, that is liable to proceed. They are getting to be littler. The military and law authorization are distinctly keen on creating little automatons, which have the focal points of being adaptable, shabby to purchase and keep up, furthermore at times so little and calm that they will escape notice (Jackson, 2008). They are likewise getting to be less expensive. The astounding persistent declines in the costs of gadgets that have gotten to be ordinary in our time everything except ensure that the reconnaissance innovations joined to UAVs will get to be less extravagant but all the more effective and with large scale manufacturing, the airplane that convey those hardware will get to be modest enough for a police office to fill the skies over a town with them. Automatons are additionally getting to be more brilliant. Manmade brainpower advances will probably help automatons convey out spying missions. Korean analysts, for instance, are attempting to show robots how to stow away from and sneak up upon a subject. They additionally will have better resilience, with a more prominent capacity to stay overhead for more times of time (Clarke 2014, p. 230-246). Instruments for expanding time on high could incorporate sun based force, or the utilization of zeppelins or gliders. Despite the fact that the essential employments of automatons so far have been military, even on abroad war zones their principle utilization is reconnaissance. The bigger automatons can be fitted with weapons or other substantial payloads, in any case every one of them can convey cams and other imaging advances that have created stunning capacities lately and are liable to end up considerably more able sooner rather than later. As well as Closed-circuit television (CCTV), otherwise called feature observation, is the utilization of camcorders to transmit a sign to a particular spot, on a constrained set of screens (Ahmed, 2013). It contrasts from telecast TV in that the sign is not straightforwardly transmitted, however it may utilize point to point (P2P), point to multipoint, or lattice remote/ wireless connections. Despite the fact that just about all camcorders fit this definition, the term is frequently connected to those utilized for observation as a part of territories that may need observing, for example, banks, clubhouse, airplane terminals, army bases, and comfort stores. Drone and Closed-circuit television (CCTV) both are used as high security system or device. According to the case study or the article about Drone and CCTVs for Everyone: Surveillance Tech Expands Across Latin America drones as well as Closed-circuit television (CCTV) are used for security purpose. In 2014 Latin America was organiz e FIFA (Fdration Internationale de Football Association) 2014 football world cup. FIFA (Fdration Internationale de Football Association) football or soccer world cup is a most popular champion cup. The host country (Latin America for 2014) was increasing their all security stadium as well as whole country, because the football or soccer stadiums for the matches are situated in Whole County. For the reasons of these regulations, the security and security administration group is defined as those persons named by the affiliation, occasion coordinator furthermore have country that are in charge of all parts of security and security at a FIFA occasion (Walters 2014, p. 101-118). The precise arrangement of this gathering will rely on upon the size and sort of the FIFA occasion, yet its driving parts will dependably be the national security officer and the senior national security counselor, as defined hereinafter. Further direction and help ought to be looked for from agents of all signif icant orgs and stakeholders, for example, the fire, crisis and medicinal administrations. A formal order ought to be built for this gathering, expressing lines of correspondence, levels of obligation and deliverables. Besides, every stadium utilized amid a FIFA occasion should have a stadium security and security administration group, which will be going by the stadium security officer, as defined hereinafter and the senior neighborhood police leader in charge of police exercises in and around the stadium. Latin America was used some various type of drones as well as CCTV for increase their security issue. Drones and CCTVs or cam reconnaissance is a powerful obstruction against wrongdoing, the development towards pervasive observation state proceeds in numerous Latin American nations. Observation advances, for example, automatons are picking up notoriety, raising huge attentiveness toward security and common freedoms (Corchado and Others 2008, p. 494-499). Latin American Commission on Human Rights brought issue with the organization of automatons in fourteen nations in the Americas without an acceptable lawful system to direct their expanding utilization. We couldn't concur more. Security law has not stayed aware of the quick pace of automaton innovation, giving numerous states free rule to utilize automatons to keep an eye on subjects without court request or lawful methodology. Colombia procured city reconnaissance rambles in 2013. Amid the end of the year 2014 occasion, the activity police triumphantly affirmed the utilized of observation automatons to screen the fundamental streets. They have additionally being utilized to screen shows in Cali. Additionally, as per news report, Colombian builder for security powers (Rising Advances Organization), has arrived at a concurrence with a US supplier that will permit them to turn into the "selective merchant" of automatons to the Colombian government, the military, and the national police. In the same soul, the Argentinean armed force is creating its own automaton engineering for aeronautical reconnaissance. The automatons of the Region of Tigre, Argentina, have cams that catch and transmit top notch pictures continuously to the police's war rooms. In the Argentine city of San Luis, nearby government has executed four automatons to add to the 196 settled feature reconnaissance cams or CCTV. In Brazil, notwithstanding, that has been the most energetic adopter of automaton innovation. Brazil utilized automatons all through the 2013 Confederations Glass and the 2014 World Container. Rio likewise put resources into an observation community for checking the city with cams, area following and sound reconnaissance capacities. The middle screens 3,000 cams put all through the 12 venue urban communities. As indicated by Wired, the nation has spent an aggregate of $900 million on reinforcing security pretty nearly and has purportedly even put resources into facial identify cam glasses to be worn by police. Venezuela has dispatched automatons delivered, purportedly with Iran's specialized support in a push to venture up the battle against medication trafficking. The Mexican government is utilizing automatons with cams that give ongoing pictures to screen the Mexican fringe. (In a late report distributed a week ago, the United States government said that automatons that are utilized along the fringe by US Traditions and Outskirt Assurance had just assisted with not very many captures of individuals intersection the outskirt wrongfully.) The Drones are also capable some basic features, which are shown in below: High-power zoom lenses: UAVs OR Drones can convey progressively influential lenses that permit huge zooming; expanding the risk that people will go under examination from faraway airplane without knowing it (Mackay, 2006). Furthermore the thickness of photograph sensors is developing at an exponential pace (in line with Moore's law), taking into account ever more elevated determination photographs to be taken for the same value cam. Night vision: Infrared and bright imaging empower night vision by catching light outside the range obvious to the human eye. Infrared imaging (otherwise called warm imaging) shows high temperature discharged by an item, thus is particularly suited for distinguishing people and creatures in the dark (Crosston, 2014). Bright (UV) imaging can catch a few materials not unmistakable in regular then again infrared light, and can likewise be utilized to upgrade subtle element; for example, it can be utilized to picture surface surfaces not obvious in unmistakable light. Making headway, warm imaging is liable to enhance for instance getting to be more touchy and accessible at higher resolutions. Transparent imaging: The military is creating radar innovations that can transparent roofs and dividers and permit the following of human targets actually when they are inside structures. An engineering called Engineered Opening Radar, for instance, can transparent shady furthermore dusty conditions and through foliage, and can possibly enter the earth and dividers. Feature investigation: This field tries to apply counterfeit consciousness strategies not simply to gather anyway likewise to "watch" feature. The innovation has been enhancing quickly, and can perceive and react to particular individuals, occasions, and articles. A standout amongst the most huge uses would be to consistently track people or vehicles as they move about, utilizing face distinguish or other substantial characteristics (Fowler 2014, p. 108-119). It may likewise be utilized to distinguish specific development designs as "suspicious," or to recognize and banner changes in schedules, structures or grounds. Machines performing these assignments have a different point of interest over human onlookers, on the grounds that as one spectator summed it up, "machines don't squint or overlook. They are resolute assistants." The argument map of drones and CCTVs are described the feature or primes, which is shown in below. Latin America is the same as the numerous states as far and wide as possible who see observation as an alternate way to security (Donald, 2012). At the same time by jumping so unhesitatingly into an observation state, Latin America's pioneers of automaton and CCTV innovation chance the common freedoms of their subjects, and setting a repulsive point of reference for their neighbors and whatever is left of the world. References Ahmed, A. (2013). The thistle and the drone. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. Clarke, R. (2014). Understanding the drone epidemic. Computer Law Security Review, 30(3), pp.230-246. Crosston, M. (2014). Future Challenges in Drone Geopolitics. Journal of Strategic Security, 7(4), p.i-iv. Donald, F. (2012). CCTV: A challenging case for threat image projection implementation. Security Journal. Durant, R. (2007). The greening of the U.S. military. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. Fowler, M. (2014). The Strategy of Drone Warfare. Journal of Strategic Security, 7(4), pp.108-119. Jackson, B. (2008). Evaluating novel threats to the homeland. Santa Monica, CA: RAND National Defense Research Institute. Mackay, D. (2006). The Changing Nature of Public-Space CCTV. Security Journal, 19(2), pp.128-142. Marks, P. (2013). Webcam and CCTV security flaw exposes our secrets. New Scientist, 217(2903), p.24. Tapia, D., Paz, J., Rodriguez, S. and Corchado, J. (2008). Multiagent System For Management And Monitoring Of Surveillance Routes. IEEE Latin Am. Trans., 6(6), pp.494-499. Walters, W. (2014). Drone strikes, dingpolitik and beyond: Furthering the debate on materiality and security. Security Dialogue, 45(2), pp.101-118.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Three Waves Of Feminism Essay Example For Students

Three Waves Of Feminism Essay The word feminism has many connotations. Some include lesbian, feminazi, man-hater, and baby killer. It is interesting to note that all these words convey a negative feeling. It is rare to hear feminism described as female empowerment or as an organized activity on behalf of womens rights and interests, which is how it is defined in the dictionary. Why has feminism taken on such a negative meaning? In this course, feminism has been defined as female empowerment, the recognition of oppression, and the advocation of equality. The syllabus clearly states that academic feminism is not about male bashingit is about challenging racist, sexist, classist, and homophobic ideologies in order to theorize about a more equitable society, and it is about transforming some of the existing patriarchal and racist paradigms in order to eliminate oppression. In my opinion, any strong and independent woman would want to be labeled as a feminist. We will write a custom essay on Three Waves Of Feminism specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Yet many women are cautious, afraid even, of aligning themselves with the word feminist. Fear is part of the equationthe justifiable fear of what lies ahead for any woman boldly proclaiming her commitment to empowerment(Morgan, 55). Is it because in order to be a feminist, a woman must deal with false assumptions about her sexual preference, cultural beliefs, and general outlook on life? I dreaded the long, tedious conversations spent exorcising others of the stereotypes that tend to haunt the collective consciousness.when we think of the f-wordmale basher, crew cut dyke. .(Morgan, 56). What woman would want to deal with this constant barrage of insults in order to proclaim herself a feminist? Feminism is often identified with the radical and extreme definition associated with one of its subcategories, Radical Feminism. Radical Feminism emphasized the relationship of women to each other, even going so far as to advocate separatism (women only communes, withholding sex) in order to change the system. Unfortunately, this theory promoted the idea of feminists as lesbians, as man haters who wished to separate themselves from an unjust patriarchal society. Contemporary mass media has also contributed to the negative attitude surrounding feminism. The term feminazi, coined by television and radio personality Rush Limbaugh, is defined by anti-feminists as a feminist who is trying to produce as many abortions as possible, hence the term nazi. Limbaugh is obviously under the misconception that all feminists are pro-choice, which coincides with the whole lesbian/man-hating feeling towards feminism. Bibliography:

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Funding Your First Novel Using Kickstarter

Funding Your First Novel Using Kickstarter In November 2011, I participated in NaNoWriMo (National Novel WritingMonth) for the first time. Ten months later, Couple Friends was published thanks to my successful Kickstarter campaign in May 2012. I was able to raise $4,000 because 71 wonderful people believed in me and my book enough to want this dream to come true. What a great feeling. I was shocked Those dollars enabled me to hire a professional editor, book cover designer, and use a consultant to help me properly convert and upload my Word document so it could become a real, live book available for purchase. Without Kickstarter, I wouldn’t have a book published yet. However, the love and support of my backers meant more to me than the dollar amounts they gave. Whenever I doubted myself or became really frustrated doing what I thought was the last edit before the absolute final edit, I knew that I had 71 people in my corner. They took time out of their busy lives and reached into their hearts and wallets to help me achieve my goals. If that doesn’t put faith in you about humanity, I don’t know what will. And they were counting on me; I couldn’t just stop when things got hard. I was able to push through some tough times because I knew my backers believed in me. Another wonderful part of using Kickstarter to fund my novel was that when it was finished and available on Amazon, Barnes and Noble, and Smashwords, I had 71 people that were eager to read it. I had a built-in audience that was willing to help me Using a site like Kickstarter forces you to start marketing yourself and your book before the book is published, which is what we should all do anyway. You have to put yourself out there in the form of emails, social media updates, creating a Facebook event, and posting updates about your project directly through Kickstarter, which blasts out to your backers and can be made public on the Kickstarter website. I know that there is even more I could have done, but thankfully, I was fully funded in my final hour due to several generous souls. I will always be glad that I took my publishing dreams into my own hands and utilized Kickstarter to make my first novel a reality. And although I will not use Kickstarter to publish my second novel- Keepsakes,currently in the editing stage- because I feel like it’s up to me from here on out, I feel truly blessed that these crowdfunding platforms are available to authors that don’t want to wait for agents to offer representation or traditional publishing houses to say yes. Here’s a list of ten crowdfunding options to get you started, and please contact me if you have any questions. Good luck!  Ã‚      (triplepundit.com/2012/07/emerging-next-generation-crowdfunding-platform-roundup/)   

Thursday, February 20, 2020

The Matrix Movie Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

The Matrix - Movie Review Example V. In conclusion, one may note that at the time of its production, The Matrix stood apart from other science fiction films in that the successful communication of the plot and story was inextricably dependant upon the formulation of such technologies as would do so. The Wachowski brothers' 1999 film, The Matrix, has been hailed by numerous critics as a revolution in cinematography. As the professor of film and cinematic arts, Adriana de Souza e Silva (2004) remarks, the use of revolutionary cinematographic techniques successfully allowed for the depiction of unreal' space as both real and material. Apart from the fact that the techniques used both communicated and served the plot, the fact is that they allowed the filmmakers to depict the worlds of cyberspace and the mind as if they were material realms of existence, even as they constantly reminded audiences of the hazy and ephemeral nature of that world (Silva, 2004). While the cinematographic effects and techniques in The Matrix have been dismissed as eye candy' by some critics, a discursive analysis of these techniques, with specific focus on bullet time, shall demonstrate the extent to which The Matrix, not only represents a revolution in special effects technology but has successfully emp loyed those effects to actualise and materialise an otherwise immaterial world and existence. The Matrix unfolds within the ephemeral landscape of a quasi-cyberspace, difficult to depict or define. As noted by the American and cultural studies scholar, Tim Blackmore (2004), the world of The Matrix is almost impossible to define, let alone depict in material fashion, insofar as it exists somewhere within the mind and is shaped by a cyberspacian high-tech existence which is simultaneously real and unreal. The storyline, inasmuch as it derives from the traditional evil versus good, light versus darkness theme, is familiar but the world in which it unfolds is highly unfamiliar and, as such, alien to the audience (Blackmore, 2004). Within the context of Blackmore's (2004) observations, one may define two challenges before the filmmakers. The first is to exploit cinematographic and lightening techniques to their limit for the explicated purpose of both visualising and rendering real, the unreal world of The Matri

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

The culture and social impact of YOU TUBE Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

The culture and social impact of YOU TUBE - Essay Example They watch it for their knowledge as well as informational expansion. YouTube has recordings from different sources. It keeps one glued to its aura. YouTube has the power to change perceptions by showing all the sides of a concept or story. The world of Internet has helped YouTube to expand in an exponential way. It has viewers from all over the world. YouTube has made available all past recordings of TV programs, short films and documentaries. It has in its archives the historical content too. The amateur videos are also present within YouTube. It makes YouTube a very fun-loving experience. Viewers enjoy spending time on YouTube. Writers and directors watch it to understand different cultural divides. Some watch clippings on YouTube to plagiarize which is a wrongful deed. However the incentives and drawbacks are there when one talks of YouTube. YouTube has cut through barriers. It has invited creative content to be available in a free flowing way. YouTube is interesting as it paves way for creative expansion. It gives the youngsters a feel that they are closely associated with each other. The societal aspects are also given significance. The people-to-people linkage on the Web is made possible. The cultural exchanges come into the play as well. There is interaction within the different cultures. Mass media has suffered due to the presence of YouTube. The media fraternity believes it is a direct attack on their content. However proponents of free speech think the exact opposite. There are a number of different viewpoints in entirety. Some see it as a cultural and social bonding phenomenon. Others view it as a place where ideas get stolen. There could be a host of options for the viewers. This makes them remain glued to YouTube for a number of reasons. In addition, mass media has issues in the name of copyrights. There are infringement issues as well. The need is to balance all these aspects. The end user must benefit at the end. He should not be made to pay

Monday, January 27, 2020

Pecola Breedlove In The Bluest Eye English Literature Essay

Pecola Breedlove In The Bluest Eye English Literature Essay What could he do for her à ¢Ã¢â‚¬ Ã¢â€š ¬ever. What give her. What say to her. What could a burned-out black man say to the hunched back of his eleven-year-old daughter. If he looked into her face, he would see those haunted loving eyes. à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦How dare she love him? Hadnt she any sense at all? What was he supposed to do about that? Return it? How? What could his calloused hands produce to make her smile? (Morrison 127) In the above excerpt it seems nothing unusual that a father is musing on how best he could make his daughter feel loved, but what is most unusual is the outcome it yielded. In Toni Morrisons The Bluest Eye it is this point in the novel that the protagonist Pecola Breedlove is raped by her father Cholly, a most unexpected thing to do and the events in her life take the worst turn. Considering this to be an incident where there is a reversal of action, this paper would focus on Pecola and the discovery or recognition that comes post the reversal as in Aristotles Poetics. According to Aristotles definition of tragedy and the tragic elements, the devices required to make an effective (complex) plot structure are peripeteia and anagnorisis, translated as reversal and recognition. F. L. Lucas paraphrases Aristotles illustration in the like manner: A peripeteia occurs when a course of action intended to produce result x, produces the reverse of x. Thus the messenger from Corinth tries to ch eer Oedipus and dispel his fear of marrying his mother; but by revealing who Oedipus really is, he produces exactly the opposite result. (111) The peripeteia that Aristotle talks of brings about the anagnorisis, the realization of the truth, the opening of the eyes, the sudden lightning-flash in the darknessà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦the flash may come after the catastrophe, serving only to reveal it and complete it, as when Oedipus discovers his guilt. (Lucas 114) Another translation of Aristotles work reads it as: a change from ignorance [agnoia] to knowledge [gnosin]. (Aristotle 54) Electras recognition of Orestes or Oedipus recognition that he himself is his fathers murderer is suggestive of the fact that this recognition revolves round the politics of identity which would include the struggle for recognition. In lieu of this, the paper takes into consideration Pecolas predicament as an eleven year old black girl whose sole wish is to have blue eyes and thereby her negotiation with the identification process. Pecola prayed each night, without fail (Morrison 35) for blue eyes. Morrison has stated that the reason for Pecolas desire for getting blue eyes must be at least partially traced to the failures of Pecolas own community: she wanted to have blue eyes and she wanted to be Shirley Temple à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ because of the society in which she lived and, very importantly, because of the black people who helped her want to be that.(Morrison 32) Pecola symbolically occupies the interstitial space that in other words: has no specified place, and she floats on the peripheries of the community she longs to enter like a wraith looking for its missing body. She is constantly outdoors, never able to integrate herself into the community, always left on the peripheries, literally moving from house to house searching for a fixed place of comfort and security. Pecola has become homeless because her drunken father has destroyed their home, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ ¢and everybody, as a result, was outdoors. (Morrison 12) Morrison in the Foreword writes that she is specifically interested in the far more tragic and disabling consequences of accepting rejection as legitimate, as self-evident (Morrison à Ã¢â‚¬  ) It is necessary to point out here that in Aristotles illustrations of anagnorisis as in Electras recognition of Orestes, it is by means of footprints and a lock of hair which suggest that external features are necessary for identification, so are her eyes necessary for Pecola. But for Pecola blue eyes is something she does not possess, the symbol of the culmination of beauty as per the hegemonic culture and thus feels deprived and her existence splintered. The eyes symbolize her wholeness which is an impossibility just as the eyes themselves are and her inability to locate or position herself vis-à  -vis the normative discourse. Hence her mark of identification is not with a feature that is present but with the absent blue eyes. Barbara Christian points out that: The beauty searched for in the book is not just the possession of blue eyes, but the harmony that they symbolize. (24) But this harmony is what eludes her. Pecolas obsession with her eyes necessitates the presence of the leit motif of the mirror: Long hours she sat looking in the mirror, trying to discover the secret of her ugliness. (Morrison 34) The mirror and her quest for her identity lead us inevitably to Lacanian analysis. In the mirror stage, which is a forbidden realm for real image, we come into an image, which that world gives us, not a complete one, but fragmented, distorted image, which leads us to misrecognition(Bertons 161). Lacan believes identity which we acquire from the other is a form of fantasy and misrecognition. (Bertons 162) So, we become ourselves by way of others perspectives and others view of who we are. Kim describes it this way: Morrison explores the interplay of eyes as windows for gazes from the outside and for ones perception of the outside world (113-14). Lacan believes that the crucial point at which the child gives up the mother as love object and attaches to the father marks his exit from what he term s the imaginary and entrance into the symbolic order. In Pecolas case, Cholly Breedlove, her father, is unsuccessful in taking up the symbolic function, because he is deprived of phallic power by white culture, the ruling other in youth, and psychologically castrated, and his absence as the father figure ensures that Pecola continues her maintenance in pre-Oedipal moment, which results in lack of voice and hence the silence. Since Cholly couldnt take up the symbolic function in Pecolas post-mirror subjectivity, as a psychic subject, Pecola ultimately remains in the imaginary. Her failed attempt at gaining a unity or identifying with her father, after he rapes and abandons her, creates a void in her life. Indeed, the void in Pecolas psychic life can never be fulfilled in the domain of the symbolic. So, what Pecola does is to take the imaginary for the real. She keeps looking at her blue eyes in the mirror, and worries that her eyes are not the bluest. Pecola, as Claudia describes, lo oks like a winged but grounded bird, intent on the blue void it could not reach (Morrison 162). The moment of Chollys raping and abandoning her is crucial as Morrison writes of it in the Afterword: the silence at its center: the void that is Pecolas unbeing. (Morrison 171) F. L. Lucas opines that: the deepest tragedy occurs when their [the protagonist, here Pecola] destruction is the work of those that wish them well, or of their own unwitting hands. (112) Pecolas quest to establish the legitimacy of her identity is hindered by her father, resulting in her fragmentation, the metaphorical splintered mirror, a term which Morrison herself uses. Tragic recognition scenes are often moments of catastrophic loss as in Oedipus or that of Pecola. Contemporary theories and practices of recognition are grounded in more fundamental, ontological misrecognitions-that is, misrecognitions of the identity as well as of certain fundamental features of the social and political world and our place in it, says Stephen White.(10) Tragic anagnorisis would then involve not only in getting ones identity right, in a change from ignorance to knowledge, but also involves acknowledging often under the weight of failure, the limits to the possibility of doing so. An ontological discovery that is made by Pecola is that the one and only identity that she could have was by regressing into her childhood fantasy. In this she also acknowledges her powerlessness to contest or rather wrench her identity from the stifling, strangulating grip of the hegemonic culture codes. Morrison in the Afterword writes: She is not seen by herself until she hallucinates a s elf. (171) A critic writes that: Chollys deranged act of love was that terrifying, brutal blow which finally compelled her into madness. (Cormier 120) It is only the imaginary self, to whom Pecola converses, who actually recognizes her pair of blue eyes that the others envy. Shoshana Felman suggests as she writes that: Mental illness is a manifestation both of cultural impotence and political castration. This behaviour is itself part of female conditioning, ideologically inherent in the behavioural pattern and in the dependent and helpless role assigned to the woman as such. (119) Pecolas ontologically threatening encounter excluded her from the community in beauty and harmony and condemned her to psychic disintegration. Morrison tells the reader that It had occurred to Pecola some time ago that if her eyes, those eyes that held the pictures, and knew the sights-if those eyes of hers were different, that is to say, beautiful, she herself would be different hence her fervent desire for those blue eyes. (46) But Pecola by her subversive desire was both under and over (but really simply outside of) the sphere of cultures hegemony as Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar would say (27) and it is the sacrilegious fiendishness of what William Blake called the Female Will' (28) that ushers in her un-being. The manner in which Oedipus determinedly searched for the murderer of the King that led to his un-being, Pecola too struggles to pursue her identity. But insanity is what awaits her as it does to all those mysterious power[s]à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦who refuse to stay in her[their] textually ordained place' (Gilbert 32) For a postmodern self as Pecola the possibility of and the desire for a unitary self is absurd. The inconsistent, heterogeneous being that constitutes a subject Pecola is revealed in the end when she converses with her other: Why didnt I know you before? You didnt need me before. Didnt need you? Just because I got blue eyes, bluer than theirs, theyre prejudiced. Thats right. They are bluer, arent they? Oh, yes. Much bluerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ What? What will we talk about? Why, your eyes. Oh, yes. My eyes. My blue eyes. Let me look again. See how pretty they are. Yes. They get prettier each time I look at them. They are the prettiest Ive ever seen. (154-59) Cormier-Hamilton states, For Pecola, beauty equals happiness, and it is difficult to fault a young girl for the misperception; certainly both white and black communities in her world seem to support the idea (115). It is this misperception that paradoxically leads her to her misrecognition. The void that her father created in her could not have been fulfilled but by her un-being, hence this is an anagnorisis as anagnorisis undone or to use Darko Suvins phrase cognitive estrangement.(22) Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar write: Either way, the images on the surface of the looking glass, into which the female artist peers in search of her self, warn her that she is or must be a Cypher, framed and framed up, indited and indicted. (36) It is this apparently calm surface of the normative that Pecola challenges and threatens from the margins to which she is relegated. Her discovery or recognition, anagnorisis in Aristotelian terms is that her psychological wholeness (Cormier 111) is in her slivered state, hence a peculiar case of anagnorisis undone. Word Count 1915

Sunday, January 19, 2020

J.R.R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings Essay -- Tolkien Lord Rings Ess

J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings J.R.R Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings strikes a cord with almost everyone who reads it. Its popularity has not waned with the passing of time, nor is its appeal centered on one age group or generation. Book sales would indicate that The Lord of the Rings is at least as popular now as it ever was, if not more so. Some estimates put it at the second highest selling work of all time, following only the bible. While it is certainly an exciting and well written work of fantasy, which cannot help but grip the imagination, all this would be for naught except for the poignancy of the themes which serve as its backbone. Foremost of these is Tolkien’s determination to show the natural world as the measure of all things. His world revolves around nature, and his character’s affinity to it determines their place in Middle-Earth. The structure of the history of Middle-earth is based on the natural cycle of life. Tolkien’s chronicle, stretching back through the various ages of the world, is at its heart a simple story of good vs. evil. The balance of power does not swing chaotically however. Tolkien sets the world on a cyclical system. As Gandalf says, â€Å"Always after a defeat and a respite, the Shadow takes another shape and grows again.†(Fellowship, 76). Additionally, the world is also divided into various ages, declining in their greatness as time passes. The First age for instance, is filled with greater beings, both good and evil, who inevitably clash, often eliminating themselves in the process. In earlier days the elves were still numerous, the dwarves ruled their great holdfast of Moria, and evil beings such as Sauron and the Balrogs were but servants to the great dark lord Mo... ...uity through art, a link which would preserve some of the faded glory of the past. (Stanton, 93) Tolkien tells us â€Å"Farie contains many things besides elves and fays, and besides dwarfs, witches, trolls, giants, or dragons: it holds the seas, the sun, the moon, the sky; and the earth, and all things that are in it: tree and bird, water and stone, wine and bread, and ourselves, mortal men, when we are enchanted.† ( On fairy Stories, 9). This applies well to The Lord of the Rings. Farie, representing nature, is an intrinsic part of our lives. To ignore it or destroy it can only bring us trouble. With nature man finds art, beauty, abundance, and joy. All good things from nature, and all evil comes from its lack and destruction. To Tolkien, a world without nature was no world worth living in, and in The Lord of the Rings, he doesn’t let us forget it. J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings Essay -- Tolkien Lord Rings Ess J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings J.R.R Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings strikes a cord with almost everyone who reads it. Its popularity has not waned with the passing of time, nor is its appeal centered on one age group or generation. Book sales would indicate that The Lord of the Rings is at least as popular now as it ever was, if not more so. Some estimates put it at the second highest selling work of all time, following only the bible. While it is certainly an exciting and well written work of fantasy, which cannot help but grip the imagination, all this would be for naught except for the poignancy of the themes which serve as its backbone. Foremost of these is Tolkien’s determination to show the natural world as the measure of all things. His world revolves around nature, and his character’s affinity to it determines their place in Middle-Earth. The structure of the history of Middle-earth is based on the natural cycle of life. Tolkien’s chronicle, stretching back through the various ages of the world, is at its heart a simple story of good vs. evil. The balance of power does not swing chaotically however. Tolkien sets the world on a cyclical system. As Gandalf says, â€Å"Always after a defeat and a respite, the Shadow takes another shape and grows again.†(Fellowship, 76). Additionally, the world is also divided into various ages, declining in their greatness as time passes. The First age for instance, is filled with greater beings, both good and evil, who inevitably clash, often eliminating themselves in the process. In earlier days the elves were still numerous, the dwarves ruled their great holdfast of Moria, and evil beings such as Sauron and the Balrogs were but servants to the great dark lord Mo... ...uity through art, a link which would preserve some of the faded glory of the past. (Stanton, 93) Tolkien tells us â€Å"Farie contains many things besides elves and fays, and besides dwarfs, witches, trolls, giants, or dragons: it holds the seas, the sun, the moon, the sky; and the earth, and all things that are in it: tree and bird, water and stone, wine and bread, and ourselves, mortal men, when we are enchanted.† ( On fairy Stories, 9). This applies well to The Lord of the Rings. Farie, representing nature, is an intrinsic part of our lives. To ignore it or destroy it can only bring us trouble. With nature man finds art, beauty, abundance, and joy. All good things from nature, and all evil comes from its lack and destruction. To Tolkien, a world without nature was no world worth living in, and in The Lord of the Rings, he doesn’t let us forget it.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Prevention of Absenteeism in Organisation

How to reduce absenteeism in organisations 1. Identify the causes for an employee’s absenteeism. If you can find out why an employee is consistently absent, then you can deal more effectively with the problem. For example, if an employee is often absent because of issues with childcare, you could offer them the option of more flexible working hours. 2. Implement a thorough record system. For every employee, you should record the date, duration and reason for each case of absenteeism.This way you will have evidence of each absence if you need to refer back to it. 3. Meticulously follow up on each case of absenteeism. You should write a letter recording each case of absenteeism and distribute it to the employee. This will make them aware they are being monitored and make them more likely to think before they take a sick day. 4. Properly inform and regularly update your employees about your standards and policies regarding absenteeism.If you make a change to your absenteeism poli cy, make sure you let your employees know. Even if you don’t make a change, you should still remind your employees regularly of the standards you have in place. You could do this via a company-wide email or memo. Employee absence is a significant cost to 90% of businesses, according to the survey. This section outlines ten tips to help you in managing absence and tackling poor performance in the workplace. Top 10 Absence Management Tips: Create an absence policy and communicate it 2 Record and measure absence 3 Reduce absenteeism by enforcing and managing the staff absence policy 4 Follow employee absence with return to work interviews 5 Proactive absence management – reward excellent attendance 6 Be realistic – plan for unscheduled staff absence 7 Consider unpaid leave or options to buy more holiday time 8 Minimise absence by improving their working conditions 9 Make controlling absenteeism a business priority 10 Keep your staff absence policy up-to-date

Friday, January 3, 2020

An Effective Teacher Essay - 1559 Words

To me teaching is one of the most important jobs in the world. To make a difference in a child’s life is a huge privilege. There are many key attributes to being an effective teacher but for me some of the key attributes are effective communication and establishing good relationships, guide children’s behaviour, setting up a good environment for learning and being well organised. They are many other factors that also need to be considered not to become just a good teacher but a great teacher. Effective communication is one key element to being an efficient teacher. Communication can be verbal or non-verbal. Communication not only between your students but also the parents, your colleagues, and the community. It’s fair to say we†¦show more content†¦By having an open and respectful relationship with families, they are more likely to trust you. Once trust is established they will feel comfortable to share information with you about home life whether it is good or bad. Effective communication requires appropriate staff time and physical space where staff and families can talk meaningful and confidentially with educators who are open to diverse perspectives (Arthur, et al. 2008, p. 51). To establish good relationships with your students you need to have good personal qualities and characteristics. For example being natural – children can sense when you are not genuine. Being warm – showing you care and want to be there. Show them good body language and respect. Being pleasant – showing a friendly and positive attitude. Being approachable– having good listening skills and interest in what the child is saying, is the teacher whom we see as being approachable. Being tolerant – accepting each child as an individual, being fair and consistent (Barry King, 1997, pp. 94-95). 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